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July 05, 2019

Good way to lose weight: Which fitness equipment has the best weight loss effect?

Good way to lose weight: Which fitness equipment has the best weight loss effect?

Which fitness equipment is used to lose weight? A: The most energy-consuming treadmill

The weather has gradually warmed up, and the seasons when you need to show your body are coming soon. When you are ready to go to the gym to sweat, do you realize that when you choose a training device, you may be destined to spend twice as much time as other people.

Bodybuilding, the famous fitness website in the United States, classifies the seven most common devices in the gym, and identifies the most efficient and least effective exercise equipment to see which one is best for you.
The most energy-consuming treadmill, the elliptical machine is the worst

In the gym, you can always hear the fitness instructor tell you that every aerobic device can achieve good weight loss. But in fact, not all aerobic devices can help you to "smash the meat" efficiently.

A study by the Journal of the American Medical Association surveyed several aerobic fitness equipment in the gym today. The results show that when a fitness person runs or walks slowly on a treadmill, the energy consumption is the greatest, so the treadmill is the exercise. The best device for cardiopulmonary oxygen demand.

In fact, jogging on a treadmill is 40% more energy-consuming than riding a bicycle at the same time.

Surprisingly, the elliptical machine, which is very common in Chinese gyms, is considered to be the most useless aerobic device.

Seven aerobic equipment energy consumption competition

1. Treadmill

  Energy efficiency: A

  Performance: A+

  Universality: A+

Professional evaluation: Unlike other aerobic devices, treadmills allow you to move your entire body and move reasonably. The treadmill is super easy to use, with a few simple buttons to start running, adjust speed, and even adjust the slope.

In order to maximize your exercise time, you can unplug your headphones, turn off your TV, and do some high-intensity training on your treadmill.

2. Climbing Machine

  Energy efficiency: A

  Performance: A-

  Universality: A-

Professional evaluation: We recommend adding intermittent training to this exercise, and try not to use the armrest to support the upper body, otherwise your exercise intensity will be greatly reduced, and the burning calories will be reduced.

3. Rowing Machine

  Energy efficiency: A+

  Performance: B+

  Universality: B

Professional evaluation: Not every gym is equipped with a rowing machine, but we think this is one of the most effective ways of aerobic exercise. It's a full-body campaign, and you'll spend a lot of calories as long as you spend 10 minutes on this device.

But the biggest drawback of this device is that if the action is not standardized, the effect will be greatly reduced.

4. Aerobic Bicycle

  Energy efficiency: A+

  Performance: B

  Universality: B

Professional evaluation: If you have ever rode this aerobic bike, you will understand how difficult it is.

For this kind of sports equipment like "crossing" from the 80s, if we want to score the shape, we have to give an F (fail), but its energy efficiency is definitely A+ level. The more you step on it, the greater the air resistance.

5. Spinning Bike

  Energy efficiency: A

  Performance: B

  Universality: A

Professional evaluation: Spinning is a good aerobic exercise. For fat burning you can set a long distance, high intensity mode.

However, the novices should pay attention. If you sit uncomfortable for a long time, there may be embarrassing bruises in some parts of the next morning.

6. Elliptical Machine

  Energy efficiency: D

  Performance: F

  Universality: A

Professional evaluation: The elliptical machine is placed behind the arc step rotator because the arc step rotator has more functions, but they all have the same problem: the body movement is unnatural and the function is insufficient.

Not only that, if the resistance of the device is adjusted to less than 10, it is basically the same as lying on the sofa.

July 04, 2019

Depression: Tests, Symptoms, Causes, And Treatment


Depressive disorder refers to a strong sadness that affects social functioning and/or leads to loss of interest or fun in the activity. Although depression may occur after a recent loss or other sad event, this sadness often manifests as an inappropriate emotional response that exceeds the actual situation and lasts for a long time.

·         Genetic factors, side effects of drugs, events that cause mental distress, changes in hormone levels or other substance levels in the body, and many other factors can cause depression.

·         Depression can make people sad and lazy and/or lose interest and fun with things they like.

·         Diagnosis is based primarily on symptoms.

·         Antidepressants and psychotherapy can be used for treatment, and electroconvulsive therapy can sometimes be used.

The term “depression” is often used to describe sadness or depression caused by grief events such as natural disasters, serious illness or death of a loved one. Some people also claim to feel depressed at certain times, such as on holidays (holiday depression) or when they meet their loved ones. However, these feelings usually do not represent illness. Generally speaking, these feelings are temporary, only lasting for a few days instead of weeks or months, and they are often seen when they think of or recall the grief. In addition, these feelings do not affect daily work and life for a long time.

Depression is the most common mental illness except anxiety. About 30% of primary care providers have depressive symptoms, but less than 10% have major depression.

Depression usually occurs in the ages of 15-17, 20 or 30, but depression can occur at almost any age, including childhood (child and adolescent depression ).


One in every six older people may have depression. Some elderly people have had depression in their early years. Others experience depression for the first time in old age.

Some of the causes of depression are more common in older people. For example, older people are more likely to experience pain loss, such as losing a dear one or losing a familiar home environment (such as moving away from a familiar environment). Other stress factors that can induce depression are also increased, such as a decrease in income, an increase in chronic diseases, and a change in personality due to gradual departure from the original relatives or friends.

Diseases that induce depression are common in the elderly. Such diseases include cancer, myocardial infarction, heart failure, thyroid disease, stroke, dementia, and Parkinson's disease.

For the elderly, depression can lead to symptoms similar to dementia: slow thinking, reduced concentration, confusion, and memory difficulties. But doctors can distinguish between depression and dementia because when the depression is treated, the patient's mental state is normal. This is not the case with dementia patients. In addition, depressed patients may complain about memory loss, but rarely forget important current or private events. In contrast, patients with dementia often deny a memory loss.

The diagnosis of senile depression is difficult, and the possible causes are as follows:

·         Due to the reduced social activities or work of the elderly, various depressive symptoms are more difficult to detect in time.

·         Some elderly patients think that depression is a weakness and is ashamed to tell people around them about the sadness or other symptoms they experience.

·         The emotional loss of the elderly is often mistaken for indifference.

·         Older patients and family members mistake various depressive symptoms for normal performance of aging.

·         Confused with other diseases, such as dementia.

Because of the above various reasons, it is difficult to detect senile depression in time, so doctors need to ask elderly patients about many emotional-related problems when diagnosing the disease. Family members should be alert to the patient's personality changes, especially becoming indifferent, lacking in spontaneity, loss of sense of humor and new-onset forgetfulness.

Selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs) are the most commonly used antidepressants in elderly depressed patients because they cause fewer side effects. Citalopram and escitalopram are especially effective.

A typical depressive episode lasts about 6 months, or 2 years or more, if a person with depression does not receive treatment. The recurrence rate is high and can occur multiple times.

The Reason

Although the exact cause of depression is still unclear, it is currently found that several factors may be involved in its onset. Risk factors include

·         Family predisposition (genetic)

·         Grievous events, especially those involving death

·         Women, may be related to changes in hormone levels

·         Certain physical illnesses

·         Side effects of certain drugs

Depression is not a reflection of personality deficiencies or adverse events such as debilitating personality, personality disorder, severe trauma in childhood, or poor parental care. Social class, ethnicity and culture do not seem to affect a person's chance of suffering from depression in their lifetime. Depression can occur or worsen even without any significant or meaningful life stress.

Genetic abnormalities may be a cause of depression. It may work by affecting the expression of substances (neurotransmitters) that communicate with each other between nerve cells. The neurotransmitters involved in the onset of depression are currently found to be serotonin, dopamine and norepinephrine.

Women are more likely to develop depression than men, but the cause is not clear. However, hormone levels in physical factors are the most relevant factors. Changes in hormone levels in women before menstruation ( premenstrual syndrome ) or after delivery can induce mood changes, so changes in hormone levels may be related to female depression. In the first 4 weeks after delivery, some women experience depression (called postpartum depression, and if more serious, postpartum depression – postpartum depression ). Abnormal thyroid function is high in women and may also be a cause of depression.

Women are more likely to develop depression than men, but the cause is not clear. However, hormone levels in physical factors are the most relevant factors. Changes in hormone levels in women before menstruation ( premenstrual syndrome ) or after delivery can induce mood changes, so changes in hormone levels may be related to female depression. In the first 4 weeks after delivery, some women experience depression (called postpartum depression, and if more serious, postpartum depression – postpartum depression ). Abnormal thyroid function is high in women and may also be a cause of depression.

A variety of physical illnesses and factors can accompany or cause depression. Physical illness can directly lead to depression (such as when thyroid disease affects hormone levels) or indirectly (such as when rheumatoid arthritis causes pain and disability). Usually physical illness directly or indirectly induces depression. For example, when the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV), the causative agent of AIDS, damages the brain, AIDS can directly lead to depression. When AIDS brings various negative effects to a patient's life, it can indirectly lead to depression. Many people feel more sad when they go to the late autumn and winter, and blame it for the shortening of sunshine time and the decrease of temperature. However, in some people, this sadness can be very serious enough to be considered depression.

Some prescription drugs such as certain beta blockers (drugs that treat high blood pressure) can cause depression. For some unknown reason, corticosteroids often cause depression when they are produced in the body (such as Cushing's syndrome), but when used as a foreign drug, it often leads to frivolous (lighter forms of mania) or mania (rare) ( bipolar disorder ). Sometimes, discontinuation of a drug can cause temporary depression.

Multiple mental illnesses can increase a person's tendency to depression. Many mental illnesses can also trigger depression, such as certain anxiety disorders, alcohol dependence, drug abuse, and schizophrenia. This disease is often prone to recurrence.

Grief events (such as loss of loved ones) can sometimes induce depression, especially when it occurs in people with predisposing factors such as family history.


The clinical symptoms of depression usually appear gradually over a period of days or weeks and are diverse. For example, some people with depression are mainly slow-moving and low-lying, while others are irritating and anxious.

Many people with depression cannot experience certain emotions, including grief, happiness, and happiness. The world seems to be bleak and lifeless in their eyes. They lose interest and fun with things they like.

People with depression may focus on strong guilt and self-esteem and may not be able to concentrate. They may feel desperate, lonely and worthless. Therefore, these patients often show hesitance, taciturn, strong sense of helplessness and hopelessness, and even think of death and suicide.

Most depressed patients have difficulty falling asleep and will wake up repeatedly, especially in the early morning. Loss of appetite and weight loss associated with depression can lead to weight loss, and women can have menopause. However, mild depression can lead to overeating and weight gain.

Some depressed patients ignore personal hygiene and even ignore the hygiene of children, other relatives or pets. Some complain of physical discomfort and there is such pain.

“Depression” variety of related diseases:

·         Major depression

·         Persistent depression

·         Premenstrual anxiety

Major Depression

The patient is depressed for most of the day and lasts for at least 2 weeks. People with major depression can show painful expressions. They are full of tears, their eyebrows are close, and their mouths are pulled down. And it may be downcast and avoid eye contact. They may be seldom active, have few facial expressions, and have a monotonous speech.
Persistent Depression

The patient is depressed most of the time and lasts 2 years or more.

Symptoms gradually appear, usually beginning in adolescence and lasting for years or decades. The number of symptoms at different times is not the same, and sometimes the symptoms are milder than depression.

Patients can be gloomy, pessimistic, suspicious, lack of sense of humor and happy. Some are passive, listless, and not associated with people. Some keep complaining and blaming others or blaming themselves. They may be overly concerned with their lack of ability, failure and negative events, and sometimes enjoy morbid pleasure from their own failures.

Premenstrual Anxiety

Severe symptoms appear before most menstruation and disappear after menstruation. Symptoms cause significant pain and/or severely affect social functioning. Symptoms are similar to premenstrual syndrome ( premenstrual syndrome ) but are more severe than it can cause significant pain and affect work and social interaction.

The disease can occur at any time after menstruation. It can be aggravated by the proximity of menopause, but disappears after menopause. It occurs in about 2-6% of menstruating women.

The patient showed emotional volatility and suddenly became sad and tearful. They are easy to be provoked and easy to get angry. They can feel very depressed, hopeless, anxious and nervous. Some feel almost collapsed or out of control. They often feel depressed.

As with other types of depression, women with premenstrual anxiety can lose interest in their usual activities, struggle to concentrate, feel tired and listless. They may overeat and especially want to eat certain foods. They may sleep very little or a lot.

Like many women, these women may experience breast pain and/or muscle and joint pain before the onset of menstruation. They may feel puffy and gain weight.

Category Term

Doctors often use some terms to describe a particular type of depressive symptoms. These terms include

·         Anxiety: The patient feels nervous and is extremely upset. They have difficulty concentrating because they are worried or afraid of bad things or losing control of themselves.

·         Mixed: In addition to depression, patients also have 3 or more manic symptoms. Patients can feel energetic and confident. They talk more than usual and sleep very little. They can think and run.

·         Melancholy: Patients no longer like activities they like. They look lazy, sad and depressed. Speak very little, don't eat or drink, lose weight. May feel overwhelmed or not. They usually wake up in the morning but can't sleep anymore.

·         Atypical: Patients may be happy for a moment when they are in good deeds, such as when a child visits. Their appetite increases, leading to weight gain. Their sleep time may be extended. They are overly sensitive to their own criticism or rejection. They may feel burdened and seem to move without opening their legs.

·         Psychotic type: Patients often have uncontrollable false beliefs (such as delusions), such as having committed unforgivable crimes, or having diseases that cannot be cured or shy, or being monitored and victimized. The patient may have hallucinations, usually in the ear, always stalking the crime of blaming oneself or persecuting one's own death, and even the illusion of a coffin or a deceased relative.

·         Nervous: The patient is silent. Thinking, language, and daily activities are significantly slow so that many normal activities cannot participate or take place. Some patients will unconsciously imitate others' speech (simulating words) or actions (imitation actions).

·         Seasonal type: Depression occurs at specific times of the year, usually beginning in the fall or winter and ending in the spring. This situation is more common in the Antarctic and the Arctic, where winters are often long and hard. The patient is lazy and slow. They lost interest in their usual activities and showed a retreat. They can also experience excessive sleep and excessive eating.


Suicidal thoughts are one of the most serious depressive symptoms. They want to end their lives or feel that their lives are worthless and lose the meaning of survival. About 15% of untreated patients with depression end their lives through suicide. The threat of suicide is an emergency ( more information ). When a patient threatens to commit suicide, the doctor may have them hospitalized so that they can be supervised until the risk of suicide is reduced through treatment. Suicide tendencies are more likely to occur when depressed patients are:

·         Depression is not treated or inadequate treatment

·         At the beginning of treatment (patient's mental activity and physiology become more sensitive, but the mood is still low)

·         The patient returned to normal activities and continued to experience severe depression

·         The patient encountered a special anniversary

·         Patients alternate with depression and mania (bipolar disorder - bipolar disorder ).

·         Serious anxiety in the patient

·         Patients drinking alcohol or taking recreational drugs or illegal drugs, etc.

Drug Abuse

People with depression may often try to relieve difficulty or anxiety by falling asleep or taking other recreational drugs. However, it is often counterproductive, these patients may have alcoholism and drug addiction. In addition, depressed patients are also more likely to smoke a lot and ignore their health. Therefore, their risk of developing other diseases (such as chronic obstructive pulmonary disease) or causing other diseases to increase will also increase.


Doctors generally diagnose depression based on symptoms. A history of previous depression or family history can help confirm the diagnosis. Because excessive anxiety, panic attacks, and compulsion are common in depression, it is often easy for a physician to misdiagnose as an anxiety disorder.

Depression in the elderly may not be easy to detect, especially when they are not working or rarely attending social activities. In addition, because depression and dementia have similar symptoms, such as confusion, difficulty concentrating and unclear thinking, depression may be mistaken for dementia. However, if these symptoms are caused by depression, they will resolve after the depression is treated. If it is caused by dementia, it will not subside.

There are standardized questionnaires that can be used to diagnose depression and assess its severity, but not simply rely on them to diagnose depression. There are two types of questionnaires, the Hamilton Depression Scale and the Beck Depression Scale. The former is verbally implemented by interviewers and the latter is a self-administered questionnaire. Doctors often ask if the respondent has an idea or plan to hurt himself. If the patient does have such an idea, it indicates that there is a serious depressive disorder.

No examination can confirm the diagnosis of depression. However, laboratory tests can help doctors determine if a patient's depression is caused by endocrine or other physical illnesses. For example, doctors usually do blood tests to rule out thyroid disease or vitamin deficiency. Young patients may also need to be screened for drug abuse. A comprehensive neurological examination can help rule out Parkinson's disease with some of the same symptoms as depression. Polysomnography (polysomnography- examination ) helps to determine whether a patient's sleep disorder is associated with depression.


Most people with depression take a non-hospital treatment, but some patients must be hospitalized for treatment. Especially those who have serious suicide attempts or have committed suicidal behavior, or have significant weight loss, or have heart disease due to severe agitation.

·         Treatment varies depending on the extent and type of depression:

·         Mild depression: supportive care (including frequent visits and missions) and psychotherapy

·         Moderate or severe depression: medication and / or psychotherapy, sometimes with electroconvulsive therapy

·         Seasonal depression: phototherapy

Depression can usually be cured. If you can find a specific cause (such as a drug or disease), you should correct these reasons first, but you may still need to use antidepressants.


Doctors can schedule a visit or telephone contact for patients with depression on a weekly or bi-weekly basis. Doctors explain to patients and their families that there are physical causes of depression that require specialized treatments that are usually effective. The doctor comforts the patient and his family, and depression is not a representative defect.

Knowing about depression can help patients understand and respond to the disease. For example, patients can learn that the road to recovery is often difficult, and sadness and desperate thoughts may reappear but eventually disappear. In this way, the patient can correctly view any setbacks, and is more likely to adhere to treatment, not to give up halfway.

Do more exercise – often walking and exercising – can be helpful, and getting in touch with others can also help.

Mutual aid groups (such as the Depression and Bipolar Disorder Alliance - DBSA ) can help patients by providing a platform for patients to share experiences and feelings.


For mild depression, simple psychotherapy can achieve the same effect as medication. When used in combination with drugs, it can be effective for major depression.

Individual or group psychotherapy can help depressed patients gradually restore their previous social functions and adapt to normal life stress. Interpersonal relationship therapy focuses on the past and current social roles of patients, finds out the problems of patients in dealing with people, and guides patients to adapt to life roles. Variety. Cognitive behavioral therapy can help change desperate and negative thoughts.

Medical Treatement

There are a variety of antidepressants – selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs), heterocyclic antidepressants, monoamine oxidase inhibitors (MAOI) and several newer antidepressants – as well as alternatives. Choose a psychostimulant. Most drugs take a few weeks to be effective. To prevent recurrence, most patients require continuous antidepressant medication for 6 to 12 months. Patients over the age of 50 must be taken continuously for up to 2 years.

Different types of drugs have different side effects. Sometimes, when a drug does not relieve depression, another (category) or multiple combinations can be used.

Selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs) are the most commonly used class of antidepressants today. SSRI is not only effective for depression, but also for other mental disorders often associated with depression. Although SSRI may cause side effects such as nausea, diarrhea, tremors, weight loss, and headache, these adverse reactions usually have mild symptoms or can be alleviated or even disappeared with continued medication. SSRI-induced side effects are more tolerable in most patients than tricyclic antidepressants. SSRI causes a lower risk of cardiac side effects than heterocyclic antidepressants. However, a small number of patients will experience aggravation of agitation, depression and anxiety after taking SSRI (within one week of taking the drug) or increasing the dose. Especially in children and young patients, if the above phenomenon is not detected and corrected in time, it will lead to an increase in suicidal tendencies. Therefore, for the relatives of patients taking SSRI, the clinical manifestations of the patients should be closely observed. If there is aggravation of depression and anxiety, it is necessary to contact the doctor for proper treatment. However, because depression patients do not receive treatment, there is also a risk of suicide. Therefore, patients and doctors must weigh the risk of side effects of drugs and the suicide risk of patients themselves when choosing drugs. Long-term use of SSRI can also cause other side effects such as weight gain and sexual dysfunction (about 1/3 of patients). If the SSRI is suddenly discontinued, it can cause withdrawal syndrome, often with dizziness, anxiety, irritability, nausea and flu-like symptoms.

The new type of antidepressant is a class of antidepressant drugs with similar efficacy and safety to SSRI drugs with similar side effects. These drugs include

·         Norepinephrine-dopamine reuptake inhibitor (bupropion)

·         Serotonin regulators (such as mirtazapine and trazodone)

·         Serotonin-norepinephrine reuptake inhibitors (eg venlafaxine and duloxetine)

Similar to the side effects of SSRI drugs, taking these new antidepressants initially leads to a transient increase in suicidal tendencies, and the sudden withdrawal of serotonin-norepinephrine reuptake inhibitors can result in discontinuation of the drug. Sign.

Heterocyclic (including tricyclic) antidepressants used to be the main drug for the treatment of depression, but because they have more side effects than other antidepressants, they are rarely used. It often leads to drowsiness and weight gain. It can also cause an increase in heart rate and a drop in blood pressure when standing (called orthostatic hypotension - dizziness or dizziness when standing up ). Other side effects, called anticholinergic effects, include blurred vision, dry mouth, blurred consciousness, constipation, and difficulty urinating. These side effects are all due to the anticholinergic effects of the drugs, which are more severe in the elderly ( anticholinergic effects: what do you mean? ). As with SSRI drugs, the sudden discontinuation of heterocyclic antidepressants induces withdrawal syndrome.

Monoamine oxidase inhibitor (MAO) is very effective but rarely used as a drug of choice. It is mainly used when other antidepressants are ineffective. Patients taking MAOI must follow strict dietary restrictions and take special precautions to avoid sudden and sharp increases in blood pressure and severe pulsatile headaches. This severe reaction is called a hypertensive crisis. Hypertensive crisis can lead to stroke. Preventive measures include.
·         Avoid eating foods or beverages containing tyramine, including bulk beer, red wine (with sherry), spirits, boiled food, Italian salty sausage, cheddar cheese, broad beans, lentils, yeast extract (yeast condiments) ), canned figs, raisins, yogurt, cheese, sour cream, pickled herring, caviar, liver, meat and soy sauce

·         Do not take drugs containing pseudoephedrine, such as many over-the-counter cough medicines and cold medicines

·         Avoid taking methadone (cough suppressant), reserpine (hypertensive drug) or pethidine (analgesic)

·         If you have a severe pulsatile headache, take an antagonist immediately and go to the nearest medical institution as soon as possible.

Patients taking MAOI should also avoid taking other types of antidepressants, including heterocyclic antidepressants, SSRI, bupropion, serotonin modulators, and serotonin-norepinephrine reuptake inhibitors. MAOI in combination with other antidepressants can cause life-threatening hyperthermia, muscle breakdown, kidney failure, and seizures. These side effects are called antipsychotic malignant syndromes and can be fatal.

Psychotropic stimulants (such as dextroamphetamine and methylphenidate) and other drugs are sometimes used to treat depression, often with antidepressants.

St. John's Wort is a botanical supplement that can sometimes be used to relieve mild depression, but its effects remain to be confirmed. Because St. John's wort can produce harmful and human interaction with many prescription drugs, and therefore intends to patients taking these herbs and their extracts whether there is a clear need for interaction (in the service of other drugs to their physician before taking St. John Wort ).

Electroconvulsive Therapy

Electroconvulsive therapy is sometimes used to treat patients with major depression, including those with psychotic symptoms, threats of suicide, or refusal to eat. It can also be used to treat depressed patients who are pregnant and unable to use medication. Unlike antidepressants, which take several weeks to work, electroconvulsive therapy can quickly and effectively relieve depressive symptoms. Therefore, the patient's life can be saved in time. Depression may recur after electroconvulsive therapy is stopped. To prevent recurrence, doctors often prescribe antidepressants.

During electroshock therapy, the electrodes are placed in the head and the resulting current induces a seizure through the brain. This seizure can relieve depression, but its mechanism of action is still unclear. Usually a course of treatment takes 5 to 7 times, every other day. Because current can cause muscle contraction and pain, patients need to receive general anesthesia during treatment. Electroconvulsive therapy may cause transient loss of memory, rarely in permanent memory loss.


Phototherapy is most effective for seasonal depression, but it can also be used to treat other types of depression. The phototherapy method is that the patient sits at a distance in front of a light box and receives sufficient light from the light box. The patient cannot look directly at the light and needs to sit in front of the light for at least 30 minutes. At what time of the day the phototherapy is performed depends on the patient's sleep and wakefulness time.

June 27, 2019

[What are the high-fiber foods] Foods with high fiber content _ Cellulose foods

What are the high fiber foods?

High-fiber foods are known as nutritious foods that not only replenish the body's nutrients, but also do not grow fat. In daily life, we can buy high-fiber foods. Common high-fiber foods are: coarse grains such as soybeans, oats, wheat, and corn; vegetables include celery, spinach, rape, cabbage, and cauliflower; High-fiber foods include apples, carrots, bamboo shoots, potatoes, pumpkins, mushrooms, glutinous rice, black beans, peas, bitter gourds, and so on. These high-fiber foods are not only healthy and nutritious, but also have good taste. They can be used for cooking or soup, and they have good nutrition.

High fiber food benefits

1. Increase Nutrition

High-fiber foods can lubricate the intestines of the human body and can supplement the vital substances in the body. Especially the pantothenic acid, niacin and riboflavin in the intestine are important cellulose and high-fiber foods. Can help the growth of the intestines.

2. Lose Weight

Many girls want to lose weight, they will choose to eat high-fiber foods, because high-fiber foods can not only supplement the required nutrients, mainly low fat, it is easy to feel full. It will fill the stomach faster after use. Lose weight calories, quickly reduce fat accumulation, and have the effect of losing weight.

3.  Prevention and Treatment of Constipation

If you eat improperly, or have a habit of living, it is likely to cause constipation, and constipation can easily cause other symptoms. High-fiber foods are bulky, digestive, easy to promote the movement of the stomach, discharge waste, reduce toxins, and have a good laxative effect.

4. Protect the Mouth

Oral problems are part of the body that is now being paid more and more attention. Many people who eat improperly or have no habit of cleaning the mouth can easily lead to sore muscles and weak teeth. High-fiber foods not only exercise the movement of the oral muscles, but also make the teeth stronger and get a good health care.

5. Control Blood Sugar

People who regularly eat sweets often cause diabetes. High-fiber foods not only satisfy your sweet taste, but also rich in high fiber, which can reduce the absorption of glucose. Although it does not increase blood sugar after eating, it is helpful for controlling blood sugar.

What are the crude fiber foods?

Crude fiber food is a good health food, generally targeting adults and the elderly, and has a good preventive effect on the disease. Crude fiber foods are mainly divided into beans, fruits, vegetables, fungi and so on.

Beans: red dates, black beans, mung beans, broad beans, millet, oats, sorghum, walnuts, peanuts, soybeans, green beans, cassava, red beans, etc.

Fruits: apples, persimmons, pineapples, strawberries, common, pears, etc.

Vegetables: celery, leeks, green peppers, day lily, bean sprouts, garlic, etc.

Fungi: mushrooms, fungus, mushroom, mushrooms, etc.

The difference between high fiber and coarse fiber

1. The Crowd

The crude fiber is different from the high fiber target. The crude fiber food is mainly for the supplement of body nutrients for adults and the elderly, while the high fiber is not specific to the population, suitable for all ages.

2. Type

Friends who have paid close attention will find that the foods of high fiber and coarse fiber are similar. Indeed, some high-fiber foods are included in crude fiber foods, but not every crude fiber food is high-fiber food.

3. Ingredients

Decomposed from tissue components, crude fiber foods have specific crude fiber components in a ratio of 100 grams per gram of food, and more than 2 grams of crude fiber means crude fiber foods, such as common beans and fruits. High-fiber foods are mainly classified into miscellaneous food products and are valuable nutritious health foods.
June 22, 2019

What is Asexual?


Asexuality (also known as nonsexuality) refers to people who do not have sexual desire or claim that they have no sexual orientation, that is, they do not show a sexual desire for any gender of male or female, that is, lack of sex. impulse.  The results of the study published in 2004 mentioned that asexuals accounted for 1% of the population. But whether sexlessness is a sexual orientation is still controversial so far.
Asexuals are different from ascetic and singularists and generally have no religious beliefs.  They do not have a desire for men and women to have a relationship with them, but they will have a good impression on a certain gender because of their gender or daily experience. Some asexuals have sex with others for a variety of reasons, such as wanting to find a partner or craving to have a child, even though they lack the sexual desire and sexual attraction.
In the 21st century, asexuality began to be recognized by more scientists as a sexual orientation and research, beginning with a series of studies from the perspective of sociology and psychology to explain asexuality. But there are still some people who oppose asexuality as a sexual orientation. With the popularity of the Internet, various asexual communities began to form on the Internet and social media. The most well-known of these is the Asexual Visibility and Education Network (AVEN), which was established in 2001.
In August 2012, scholars at the University of Brock in Canada found that asexuals accounted for 1% of the world's population, with a total population of about 70 million.
In 2004, Anthony Bogaert, a psychology professor at Brock University in Ontario, Canada found that in a sexual attraction survey released in the United Kingdom in 1994, 1% of the 18,876 British residents surveyed said they I can't feel sexual attraction from anyone.

Based on this, Bogut published a paper stating that the definition of asexuality is “not feeling any sexual attraction” and estimates that asexuality accounts for about 1% of the world's population. According to this ratio, there are currently 70 million people in the world. Asexuals. Two years later, he published a new paper emphasizing that asexuality is not a physical or psychological barrier. In 2012, he published the book "Understanding Asexuality," which states that asexuality is statistically as common as homosexuality.

"Asexuality: It is better to eat cake than to make love"

Lead: In the movie "You Are the One," Ge You played the actor and a young woman, who is suitable, which is "the thing", the woman is completely uninterested. "So that's so interesting?" When the woman said this, the audience laughed - people saw her as a freak, a sick number, but did not know that there is really a group in the world: asexual, they As common as homosexuals.

After the 80s female photographer Annie, red dress, eyebrows, Danfeng eyes, long straight hair, small body, honey color. If she appears alone at the bar counter, usually within half an hour, there are boys coming over to talk. This is a pretty girl who is easy to be tempted. But it is not easy to really approach her.
Her "secret" is hidden in the thin black ring on the right middle finger. It is like an enchantment, faintly distinguishing her from most people on the planet; it is also like a small tower, silently and tenaciously sending out signals for her to find the same kind.

Small A world

The message that the black ring conveys is: "Hello, I am asexual" - in the asexual circle, especially in Europe and America, the black ring in the right hand is a recognized symbol of bright identity.

In English, the word corresponding to asexuality is Asexual. In the Chinese world, Annie and her asexuals like to call themselves a small A; in the English world, asexuals call themselves Ace. When they do a party, there is often a small flag on the table with a Spades A or Ace A poker card.

In In addition, the cake is also one of the signs of asexuality. In the asexuality forum, you often see the cake map, which means “it is better to eat cake than to make love”, which is a sneak peek at the world that is sexual. Declaration.

At present, the concept of asexuality is rarely known in China. In the three years of Annie's black ring, she never encountered a small A who came to recognize it. Annie’s date has always been sexual.

It is not easy to explain to sexual love what is asexuality, just as it is difficult for you to let Muggles recognize the existence of a wizard.

Annie told the boys who chased her that they were asexual. The first reaction of the other party was often exclaimed: "I don't like men or women, don't you love anyone?"

"I will explain that in fact, asexuality just does not feel sexual attraction, and does not want to have sex with others. Many asexuals will also love people, and also like the opposite sex, same-sex or bisexuality in the spirit." Annie said after this The other party tends to be curious. "Since there is no sex, is there any difference between your love and friendship?" "There are differences. For example, some asexuals will accept and lover embrace, but they will not do this with friends."

After so many rounds of communication, some people will follow Annie's temptation: "Sex is human instinct, you can't be asexual, you just don't meet them right person." Boldly, you will say "I will turn you into "Sexual person", thin face suggests Annie go to the hospital to see, receive professional treatment.

"Some sexual love seems to be unwilling to believe that asexuality is a normal existence. It is not sexual indifference, nor sexual incompetence, nor is it because of sexual assault and physical and mental trauma. In one sentence: asexuality is not I don't need to be treated." Annie was very frustrated at this time. "At that time, I would think, why would I be asexual? I have no choice. I can only learn to accept others' incomprehension and accept that they are different from others. ""

As common as homosexuality

Even in academia, research on asexuality has just begun, and it is a niche and unpopular field of research. Research scholars mainly come from psychology, sociology, sex studies, gender studies, and other disciplines.

Half a century ago, Dr. Alfred Kinsey, the "father of sexology", realized that there was a tendency to "free sex", but did not conduct in-depth research. In his 1948 and 1953 sexual orientation studies, he proposed that people with no sexual relationships and sexual reactions existed in the population and created a new independent classification “X” for them. He believes that 1.5% of the adult sexual orientation in adults is “X”.

Since then, there has been researching in the academic world of asexual love. What really makes asexuality into the public's view is Anthony Bogaert, a psychology professor at Brock University in Ontario, Canada. In 2004, he found that in a sexual attraction survey released in the United Kingdom in 1994, 1% of the 18,876 British residents surveyed said they could not feel sexual attraction from anyone. Based on this, Bogut published a paper stating that the definition of asexuality is “not feeling any sexual attraction” and estimates that asexuality accounts for about 1% of the world's population. According to this ratio, there are currently 70 million people in the world. Asexuals. Two years later, he published a new paper emphasizing that asexuality is not a physical or psychological barrier. In 2012, he published the book "Understanding Asexuality," which states that asexuality is statistically as common as homosexuality.

Compared with homosexuality, the public's awareness of asexuality is undoubtedly much lower. Gay is at least consistent with the mainstream concept of “everyone needs sex”, but the object of desire is same-sex, while asexuality is farther away from the mainstream. The famous domestic sexologist Li Yinhe said, "Most of the love is often attracted by sex, but if anyone likes this non-sexual state, why not? If you like it, you will live in this way. Society will More and more tolerant and diverse, everyone will not be surprised by this one day."

I love you, just not in that way

Many asexuals don't know that they are asexual. Annie is one of the early self-awakening people, but it took a long time to determine the identity of asexual identity.

She first realized that she was not in the same high school as she was in high school. At that time, the girls in the class will be crazy about the handsome guy, drooling, discussing who wants to fall, and she thinks that a man grows beautiful, but never thought about who to contact. There are boys chasing her, saying that she is sexy, making people bloody, she can not understand the other's thinking.

When she was in college, she talked about her love. Her boyfriend was far away in Europe. They also talked about sex, but because of the different places, there was no practical experience.

She really explores her sexual orientation after breaking up with her first love. At that time, the boys of the New Dating were in the local area. It was natural to roll the sheets in the depths of the other side, and she had no desire.

“What exactly is one person from the body?” She found AVEN (The Asexual Visibility and Education Network) from the online search psychology knowledge, which is the most famous asexual propaganda and popular science forum in the world.

Founded in 2001, AVEN was founded by David Jay, a 19-year-old freshman, who wanted to provide a platform for asexual love while letting the public know and accept asexuality. When AVEN was founded, there were only 50 registered people. In the past 13 years, this number has exceeded 80,000.
After carefully reading the introduction of asexuality in the forum, Annie exclaimed, "This is me." But there is still a certain uncertainty in the heart. "Is it a person who can make me have sex?"

The problem is that since then she has met a handsome man who is handsome, good-looking, and has a higher rate of returning than her, but she has not thought of being more intimate. "So sexy people can't make me have sex, what else is it possible?" She began to accept the fact that she is asexual, "feeling the dust settled", and gradually understand that in the world of sex, love It is associated with sex. "They will feel that if you don't have a desire for them, they don't like them enough, they will be frustrated," and she wants to say, "I love you, just not in that way. ”

“Is it better to find the same kind?”

She enrolled in the international asexual dating community. After browsing through the dating posts, she gave up the idea of ​​finding a partner only in the small A circle. “I have requirements in terms of personality, hobbies, appearance, life and eating habits. If you are not looking for sexlessness, the range of choice is too small and the efficiency is too low.”

The gap that cannot be crossed

Like Annie, Lonely also determined that he was asexual by browsing AVEN's asexual science articles and forum discussion posts.

At that time she was 28 years old and fell in love for a year and a half. "I was dating for the first time at the age of 26. It is normal for Chinese girls to be sexually interested before having a love experience. Everyone thinks that after love, they will naturally be interested. But it is not the case for me." She thinks that her boyfriend is handsome and charming, and does not praise her boyfriend's body, but she has no desire to make love with her boyfriend. At first, she thought it might be because she had no previous sexual experience. Interest in sex may require a process. The problem is that she has no sex at all. But she usually still agrees with her boyfriend's request for a roll sheet.

She explained that some of the asexuals can have sex in order to satisfy each other because they are not disgusted with sex. But some asexuals are very disgusted with sex, and no one is willing to have sex, or even want to have close physical contact with others. She belongs to the former, although she does not take the initiative to want sex, but can cooperate with her boyfriend. "For, For example, this is like having an activity. You don't want to do it yourself, but if a friend invites you to go, you can have fun too. But if a friend calls you every day, you will probably get bored."

She believes she is already lucky than many other asexuals. After knowing that she was asexual, Gu Hong’s boyfriend was not surprised. “I feel that the long-standing confusion has been answered”. In order to better understand Lonely, he later registered AVEN.

At the beginning of 2013, the two married. After marriage, they occasionally suffer from sexual problems and “both sides are very upset.” Gu Hong’s husband values ​​the passion and intimacy in sex and hopes that she can take the initiative and enjoy sex more. Lonely said with emotion, "In the relationship between asexual and sexual love, there is always a gap that cannot be crossed. - Sexual love not only wants sex, but also wants both sides to have passionate sex, and asexuality In terms of passion, they basically can't satisfy each other because they don't have the instinctive desire."

But overall, Lonely is still very satisfied with the current marriage life. "We are learning to accept the differences in sexuality between the two sides. This is impossible to change, nor is it the fault of any party. It is like other couples in character or life. Habits are different and it is inevitable that friction will occur, but as long as they do not seriously affect the feelings, both sides understand each other and compromise each other.

There are also a few asexuals who have found a partner in the same category. David, the founder of AVEN, is now with an asexual girl. They kissed, hugged, and shared a bed, but did not make love. "We have no intentions about it."

"You don't even have a desire, is it a man?"

In addition to the lover's run-in, another problem that plagues asexuals is how to let parents accept their asexual identity. Like homosexuality, asexuality also calls public identity out of the cabinet.

The head of the watercress asexual group and the Chengdu girl Qiuqiu Pan are currently very troubled to come out with their parents. "Even if they say it, most of them can't understand it, or they will remind me to find someone to marry."
After 90, the boys have taken the cabinet - he called in June this year to tell his parents that he is asexual and is a homosexual romantic tendency, that is, he likes same-sex, although he does not want to have sex with the same sex.
Before saying that, he estimated that he would talk to his parents for a long time. He especially moved a chair to the telephone booth downstairs and sat down to call home. Because he was too nervous, he said that the whole stomach was twitching, and the reaction of the parents at the end of the phone was very dull. Until he said "no child will be in the future", the parents interrupted him nervously. "You What do you say nonsense?"

Thinking about the future, there are many concerns in the heart. In 2011, a joint study of asexual communities such as AVEN showed that the number of women in asexuality is far more than that of men. The proportion of asexuals who like homosexuality is also much lower than that of the opposite sex. This means that this male-like asexual love of men is a niche among the niche. "Without desire, it may become a big problem for my future love, especially for people like me who have the same sex and romantic inclination." 

As an asexual, a man's situation is indeed more difficult than a woman. In 1980, Li Wei still remembers what his ex-wife said. "You don't even have desires. Are you a man?"

He and his ex-wife is blindly known, and it is his first love. Prior to this, he only secretly loved girls at the student level. He stressed that he was married to his ex-wife because he liked it, but he also admitted that he had been accused of having a parent's forced marriage in a few months.

He has no feelings about sex but wants children. When his wife finally became pregnant, his close contact with his wife only stayed in a kiss. After a long time, his wife suspected that he was not gay or if he had an affair. The two quarreled fiercely, and the wife cried all night, and he was silent all night. In the second year after marriage, the unbearable wife divorced him.

After the divorce, he visited the news on the website one day, saw the word "sexless love", and after checking the relevant science website, "lived for 32 years, finally know who he is."

In foreign countries, some asexuals will have a child through IVF or adoption. "If you know that you are asexual, you may not be anxious to get married, and you will find a girl who can accept asexuality."

Asexual, you can also be happy
In the asexual circle, it is not uncommon for Li Wei to “marriage, sexual disharmony, divorce”. After seeing some similar confession posts on the forum, Annie decided to live alone if she couldn't find the right person.

But just a few months ago, Annie was in love. She and her boyfriend met online, the other is sexual. When he first saw the line, he courtesy praised Annie's black ring for simplicity and elegance, and Annie told him the meaning behind the ring. "He started to have some concerns, but because he liked me very much, he still officially contacted me. Later, my frankness and hard work completely dispelled his doubts." Annie and Lonely are similar, she will not take the initiative. Poor boyfriend, but can meet the sexual requirements of the other party, "we are very happy together now."

Annie and Lonely has joined the asexual group of Douban. Many people in the group have misunderstood the concept of asexuality. People often ask in the group "I am not asexual." There are also homosexuals who are married in the group. It is probably that asexual love does not require sex, so It is less necessary to fulfill the sexual obligation in marriage than to find a sex guilty.

Because I hope to help asexuals know themselves by popularizing asexual love and let sex know how to treat the asexual love around them. They have translated some foreign asexual science posts and sent them to the group. The existence of the other party became a netizen.

In addition to doing asexual science in Douban, Lonely has also given three lectures on asexual love in American universities.

Some listeners listened to her saying "sexless love also needs masturbation", I feel very surprised, "Is sexless is not without sexual desire?" Lonely explained: Some asexual love will have pure physical sexual desire, but only through masturbation, do not want to Have sex with others. For sexual love, masturbation is only a physiological release, and cannot meet their psychological needs for sex.

"In In the asexual group, each asexual attitude is different from the attitude and feeling. Just like sexual sex has high sexual desire, some have low sexual desire, some are sexually conservative, some are open. After all, everyone It’s all different. Any two people need to work together. Even the feelings of a sexual person can’t be smooth. Long-term relationships need to consider life goals, lifestyles, political opinions, personality collocations, etc. The degree of fit of the factors, sexual harmony is only one of them. From this point of view, the relationship between asexuality and sexuality is similar." Both Lonely and Annie suggest that asexuals should treat their sexual orientation with a normal attitude.

"Asexuality is only a small part of you, just like you are blue eyes. It can't decide your life, you can be as happy as everyone else."