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Must Know About Hypertension (High Blood Pressure) Causes And Prevention


1. What is elevated blood pressure (hypertension)?



High blood pressure, also known as elevated blood pressure, is a disease that occurs when blood vessels continue to be exposed to higher stress. Each time the heart contracts, blood is sent to the blood vessels, which transports the blood to the body. Blood pressure is formed by the pressure generated by the heart pressure to push the blood vessel wall (artery). The higher the blood pressure, the greater the force the heart uses to deliver blood.

The blood pressure of a normal adult is defined as 120 mm Hg 1 during systole (systolic blood pressure) and 80 mm Hg at diastolic (diastolic blood pressure). When the systolic blood pressure is greater than or equal to 140 mm Hg or the diastolic blood pressure is greater than or equal to 90 mm Hg, it is considered to be elevated blood pressure or high blood pressure.

Most hypertensive patients do not have any symptoms, so high blood pressure is also known as the "silent killer." Sometimes, high blood pressure can cause headaches, shortness of breath, dizziness, chest pain, palpitations, and nosebleeds.


2. Why is blood pressure rising is dangerous?


The higher the blood pressure, the greater the risk of damage to the heart and blood vessels of major organs such as the brain and kidneys. Hypertension is the leading preventable factor for heart disease and stroke worldwide.

If left uncontrolled, high blood pressure can lead to heart attacks, heart enlargement, and heart failure. Blood vessels may have swelling protrusions (enemas) and weak points, and they are more prone to blockage or rupture in these places. Pressure in the blood vessels can force blood to seep out, enter the brain, and cause a stroke. High blood pressure can also lead to kidney failure, blindness, and cognitive impairment.

The health consequences of high blood pressure can also be combined with other factors to increase the risk of heart attack, stroke and kidney failure. These factors include tobacco use, unhealthy diets, harmful use of alcohol, lack of physical activity, long-term stress and obesity, high blood cholesterol, and diabetes.

3. How to prevent and treat high blood pressure?


All adults should have a routine blood pressure check. It is important to understand the blood pressure values. If you have high blood pressure, you should seek advice from health workers.

For some people, changing lifestyles (such as stopping tobacco use, adopting a healthy diet, exercising regularly, and avoiding harmful use of alcohol) is enough to control blood pressure. Reducing salt intake can also help. For others, it's not enough to have these changes. They also need prescription drugs to keep their blood pressure under control.

Adults can help with treatment by adhering to prescriptions, changing lifestyles, and monitoring their health.

People with high blood pressure are at greater risk of heart attack or stroke if they have high blood sugar, elevated blood cholesterol, or kidney damage. Therefore, regular examination of blood sugar, blood cholesterol, and urinary albumin is very important.

Everyone can use five specific measures to minimize the risk of developing high blood pressure and causing adverse consequences.
1.    Focus on healthy eating:
a.    Promote a healthy lifestyle, with a focus on the nutrition of infants and young people;
b.    Reduce salt intake to less than 5 grams per day (slightly less than one tablespoon);
c.    Eat five servings of fruits and vegetables a day;
d.    Reduce saturated fat and total fat intake.
2.    Avoid harmful use of alcohol, for example, limit alcohol intake to no more than one standard alcohol unit per day.
3.    Physical activity:
a.    Regular physical activity encourages children and young people to engage in physical activity (at least half an hour a day).
b.    Maintain normal weight: every 5 kg of excess weight can reduce systolic blood pressure by 2-10 points.
4.    Stop using tobacco and contact tobacco products.
5.    Handle stress in a healthy way, such as meditation, proper physical activity, and active social activities.

4. How common is the increase in blood pressure?


There is one in every five adults in the world, and the death toll from this condition accounts for about half of all deaths from stroke and heart disease. The annual global deaths from hypertension complications are 9.4 million.

In almost all high-income countries, the widespread use of diagnostic and low-cost drug treatments have dramatically reduced the proportion of people with high blood pressure and the average blood pressure of the entire population and this has led to a reduction in the number of heart disease deaths. For example, the prevalence of hypertension in the WHO region of the Americas has fallen from 31% in 1980 to 18% in 2014.

In contrast, low-income countries have the highest prevalence of hypertension. In the WHO Africa region, more than 30% of adults in many countries have high blood pressure, and this proportion is still rising. In addition, the average blood pressure of the population in this region is much higher than the global average.

In developing countries, many people with high blood pressure do not know that they are ill, nor have access to blood pressure control and can significantly reduce the risk of dying from heart disease and stroke or the risk of disability. Detection, treatment, and control of hypertension are important global health priorities.

WHAT ARE THE BASIC SYMPTOMS OF HIGH BLOOD PRESSURE?

Dizziness
When you are serious, you will feel a whirlwind and your eyes will be dim.

2. Headache
It is characterized by persistent dull pain or pulsating pain. In severe patients, headaches are accompanied by symptoms of nausea and vomiting.

3. Tinnitus
Tinnitus caused by high blood pressure generally occurs in both ears and lasts longer because the increase in blood pressure affects the blood supply to the inner ear.

4. Sleep disorders
Continued elevated blood pressure can lead to neurological disorders in the brain, causing difficulty in falling asleep, easy to wake up, sleep is not practical, easy to do nightmares, easy to wake up and other sleep disorders.

5. Limb numbness
Hypertension can cause the local blood supply to the limbs, and numbness of the limbs, especially when the long-term hypertension is not well controlled, the symptoms are more obvious.

WHAT SHOULD I DO IF I HAVE HIGH BLOOD PRESSURE?

1. Never stop taking drugs without authorization

Hypertensive patients need to take medication for life. If the drug is stopped, it will cause damage to the target organs such as heart and kidney. Therefore, it is necessary to take regular medication under the guidance of a doctor to control blood pressure smoothly. Some hypertensive patients are not standardized in treatment, can not adhere to medication, have the phenomenon of stopping drugs and changing drugs on their own, which will increase blood pressure again, and even some patients will have heart, brain and kidney complications. Therefore, it is necessary for hypertensive patients to monitor the home self blood pressure, and should adjust the medication accordingly. If the blood pressure control is stable, do not change the drug at will, such as blood pressure control is not ideal; if the blood pressure is too high or the fluctuation is too large, you should go to the hospital in time, adjust the dosage and the type of drug, and use the antihypertensive drug reasonably to achieve better. Buck effect.

2. Four low principles: quit smoking, abstain from alcohol, low salt, low fat

Smoking and drinking can cause an increase in heart rate and stimulation of blood vessels leading to an increase in blood pressure. Excessive consumption of salt will increase the osmotic pressure in the body, resulting in increased blood pressure, so it is necessary to control the salt intake in daily life. Excessive intake of fat can cause excess blood lipids and protein substances in the blood vessels, which promotes blood pressure. Therefore, patients with hypertension must have a low-fat diet. Pay attention to the daily intake of high-quality protein in the diet, eat more fresh fruits rich in vitamins A and C, quit smoking and alcohol. Patients taking calcium antagonists and antihypertensive drugs should not eat grapefruit, so as not to affect the efficacy of the drug (please provide references).

3. Emotional control is very important

Hypertensive patients tend to fluctuate, which is easily affected by surrounding events, causing fear and excessive anxiety, leading to further, increase in blood pressure caused by endocrine disorders, causing excessive blood pressure fluctuations and oral antihypertensive drugs may also occur. Control the phenomenon of dissatisfaction. Emotional fluctuations can cause blood pressure fluctuations and rise, so hypertensive patients must maintain a good mood, less angry, less angry, control mood fluctuations, reduce mental stress, and treat various events that may be encountered in life with a scientific attitude. Keep a calm mind.

4. Regular life, work and rest
First of all, to ensure adequate sleep, do not stay up late, avoid vigorous physical or mental activity before going to bed, rest well to make blood pressure steady or reduce, must not be overworked. Exercise regularly and maintain proper weight. Losing weight and avoiding weight gain are important measures to stabilize and reduce blood pressure.

Patients can choose the form of exercise that suits them according to their individual circumstances. Generally, it is best to walk, simple and easy, and advocate "3, 5, 7". That is, each walk for 30 minutes; not less than 5 times a week; the number of steps per minute is adjusted to 70 times. Hypertensive patients should not do strenuous exercise, usually, exercise should choose to do some mild or moderate exercise to avoid cardiovascular and cerebrovascular accidents.

For the happiness of yourself and your family, be sure to pay attention to your blood pressure! These health tips can help people better control their blood pressure, but they also need to develop good habits and persevere performance and implementation. In order to receive results, a little carelessness will fall short.

Abbott has always had cutting-edge solutions in cardiovascular health. Abbott focuses on improving coronary artery disease, arrhythmia, atrial fibrillation, heart failure, structural heart and peripheral arterial disease programs to help people recover.

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Disclaimer

This publication/an editorial/article is for promotional/educational purposes and does not constitute or imply endorsement, sponsorship or recommendation of any product. Please consult your doctor/health doctor before starting any diet, medication or exercise.


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